Alzheimer's disease (WP5124)

draft
last edited

Authors

Khanspers

Cited In

Organism

Homo sapiens

Communities

Rare Diseases

Annotations

Disease Ontology: Alzheimer's disease

Pathway Ontology: Alzheimer's disease pathway disease pathway

Participants

Label Type Compact Identifier
IRS2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000185950
ATG14 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000126775
P3 peptide GeneProduct uniprot:P05067
NO Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0003378
Induction of Apoptosis Pathway wikipathways:WP1896
RAGE Protein uniprot:Q15109
Fe2+ Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000692
Apoptosis Pathway wikipathways:WP254
Hydrogen peroxide Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0003125
TNFRSF1A GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000067182
p50 ATF6 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000118217
AGEs Metabolite chebi:84123
NAE1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000159593
Modulation of gene expression Pathway wikipathways:WP1821
NAC fragment Protein uniprot:P37840
APP GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000142192
Oxidative Phosphorylation Pathway wikipathways:WP623
beta-amyloid protein 40 Metabolite chebi:64646
Calcium Signaling Pathway Pathway None
Protein oxidation Pathway None
MAPT GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000186868
superoxide Metabolite chebi:18421
IP3 Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0001498
PI3P Metabolite chebi:17283
Cu+ Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000657
RTN3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000133318
Wnt signaling pathway Pathway wikipathways:WP428
Ca2+ Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000464
APP intracellular domain GeneProduct uniprot:P05067
APBB1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000166313
GAPDH GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000111640
ADAM10 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000137845
BACE1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000186318
PSENEN GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000205155
PSEN1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000080815
NCSTN GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000162736
APH1A GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000117362
IDE GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000119912
MME GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000196549
LPL GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000175445
APOE GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000130203
LRP1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000123384
FAS GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000026103
TNFRSF1A GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000067182
FADD GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000168040
CASP8 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000064012
Cx I GeneProduct None
Cx II GeneProduct None
Cx III GeneProduct None
Cx IV GeneProduct None
Cx V GeneProduct None
APP processing Pathway None
HSD17B10 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000072506
BID GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000015475
CYCS GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000172115
CALM1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000198668
BAD GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000002330
CALM2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000143933
CALM3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000160014
CALML3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000178363
CALML5 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000178372
PPP3CA GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000138814
PPP3CB GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000107758
PPP3CC GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000120910
PPP3R1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000221823
PPP3R2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000188386
ADAM17 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000151694
PSEN2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000143801
APAF1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000120868
CASP9 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000132906
CASP3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000164305
SNCA GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000145335
GPCR GeneProduct None
GRIN1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000176884
CACNA1C GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000151067
GRIN2A GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000183454
GRIN2B GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000273079
GRIN2C GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000161509
GRIN2D GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000105464
CACNA1D GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000157388
CACNA1F GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000102001
CACNA1S GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000081248
GNAQ GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000156052
PLCB1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000182621
PLCB2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000137841
PLCB3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000149782
PLCB4 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000101333
TNF GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000232810
IL1B GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000125538
MAPK1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000100030
MAPK3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000102882
CASP12 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000204403
Apoptosis Pathway wikipathways:WP254
RYR3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000198838
ATP2A2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000174437
ATP2A1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000196296
ATP2A3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000074370
EIF2AK3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000172071
ERN1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000178607
ATF6 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000118217
ITPR1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000150995
ITPR2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000123104
ITPR3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000096433
Ca2+ Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000464
Ca2+ Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000464
CAPN1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000014216
CAPN2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000162909
CDK5R1 / p35 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000176749
CDK5R1 / p25 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000176749
NOS1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000089250
CDK5 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000164885
MAPT GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000186868
CASP3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000164305
CASP7 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000165806
Apoptosis Pathway wikipathways:WP254
DNA damage Pathway None
Inflammation Pathway wikipathways:WP453
Lipid peroxidation Pathway wikipathways:WP1878
ONOO- Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0002179
RTN4 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000115310
INS GeneProduct ncbigene:3630
INSR GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000171105
IRS1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000169047
IRS4 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000133124
PPID GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000171497
MCU GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000156026
Ca2+ Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000464
Ca2+ Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000464
Ca2+ Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000464
beta-amyloid protein 42 Metabolite chebi:64647
beta-amyloid protein 40 Metabolite chebi:64646
beta-amyloid protein 42 Metabolite chebi:64647
AKT1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000142208
AKT2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000105221
AKT3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000117020
PIK3CA GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000121879
PIK3R1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000145675
PIK3R2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000105647
PIK3CB GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000051382
PIK3CD GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000171608
PIK3R3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000117461
PIP3 Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0004249
EIF2AK2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000055332
MAPK8 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000107643
MAPK9 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000050748
MAPK10 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000109339
GPR83 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000123901
CHUK GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000213341
IKBKB GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000104365
CHRNA7 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000175344
CYBB GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000165168
NOX1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000007952
NOX4 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000086991
NFKB1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000109320
RELA GeneProduct ncbigene:5970
NRAS GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000213281
KRAS GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000133703
HRAS GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000174775
RAF1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000132155
ARAF GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000078061
BRAF GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000157764
NOS2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000007171
TNF GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000232810
IL1A GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000115008
IL1B GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000125538
PTGS2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000073756
IL6 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000136244
CSF1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000184371
DKK1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000107984
DKK2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000155011
DKK4 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000104371
MTOR GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000198793
ULK2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000083290
ULK1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000177169
ATG13 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000175224
ATG101 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000123395
RB1CC1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000023287
BECN1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000126581
BECN2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000196289
PIK3R4 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000196455
NRBF2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000148572
PIK3C3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000078142
AMBRA1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000110497
ATG2A GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000110046
ATG2B GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000066739
WIPI1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000070540
WIPI2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000157954
PSEN1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000080815
GSK3B GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000082701
beta-amyloid protein 40 Metabolite chebi:64646
beta-amyloid protein 42 Metabolite chebi:64647
Ca2+ Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000464
Ca2+ Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000464
KLC3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000104892
KIF5A GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000155980
KIF5B GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000170759
KIF5C GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000168280
KLC1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000126214
KLC2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000174996
KLC4 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000137171
TUBA1B GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000123416
TUBA3E GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000152086
TUBA3D GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000075886
TUBA8 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000183785
TUBA4A GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000127824
TUBA3C GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000198033
TUBA1A GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000167552
TUBAL3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000178462
TUBA1C GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000167553
TUBB3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000258947
TUBB4A GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000104833
TUBB4B GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000188229
TUBB GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000196230
TUBB8 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000261456
TUBB2B GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000137285
TUBB2A GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000137267
TUBB1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000101162
TUBB6 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000176014
WNT3A GeneProduct ncbigene:89780
WNT7A GeneProduct ncbigene:7476
WNT11 GeneProduct ncbigene:7481
WNT1 GeneProduct ncbigene:7471
WNT5B GeneProduct ncbigene:81029
WNT2 GeneProduct ncbigene:7472
WNT2B GeneProduct ncbigene:7482
WNT6 GeneProduct ncbigene:7475
WNT5A GeneProduct ncbigene:7474
WNT16 GeneProduct ncbigene:51384
WNT4 GeneProduct ncbigene:54361
WNT3 GeneProduct ncbigene:7473
WNT10B GeneProduct ncbigene:7480
WNT7B GeneProduct ncbigene:7477
WNT10A GeneProduct ncbigene:80326
WNT16 GeneProduct ncbigene:51384
FZD3 GeneProduct ncbigene:7976
FZD8 GeneProduct ncbigene:8325
LRP5 GeneProduct ncbigene:4041
FZD10 GeneProduct ncbigene:11211
FZD7 GeneProduct ncbigene:8324
FZD4 GeneProduct ncbigene:6424
FZD1 GeneProduct ncbigene:8321
LRP6 GeneProduct ncbigene:4040
FZD6 GeneProduct ncbigene:8323
FZD5 GeneProduct ncbigene:7855
FZD9 GeneProduct ncbigene:8326
FZD2 GeneProduct ncbigene:2535
DVL3 GeneProduct ncbigene:1857
FRAT1 GeneProduct ncbigene:10023
CSNK1E GeneProduct ncbigene:1454
DVL2 GeneProduct ncbigene:1856
DVL1 GeneProduct ncbigene:1855
FRAT2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000181274
TPTEP2-CSNK1E GeneProduct ncbigene:1454
GSK3B GeneProduct ncbigene:2932
CSNK2B GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000204435
CSNK2A1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000101266
CSNK2A3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000254598
CSNK2A2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000070770
APC GeneProduct ncbigene:324
CSNK1A1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000113712
AXIN1 GeneProduct ncbigene:8312
CSNK1A1L GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000180138
AXIN2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000168646
APC2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000115266
CSNK1A1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000113712
CSNK1A1L GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000180138
CTNNB1 GeneProduct ncbigene:1499
PPP3CA GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000138814
PPP3CB GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000107758
PPP3CC GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000120910
PPP3R1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000221823
PPP3R2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000188386
GSK3B GeneProduct ncbigene:2932
sAPP alpha GeneProduct uniprot:P05067
APP-C83 GeneProduct uniprot:P05067
APP-C99 GeneProduct uniprot:P05067
sAPP beta GeneProduct uniprot:P05067
EIF2S1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000134001
ATF4 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000128272
DDIT3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000175197
TRAF2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000127191
MAP3K5 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000197442
MAP2K7 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000076984
MAPK8 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000107643
MAPK10 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000109339
MAPK9 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000050748
XBP1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000100219
DDIT3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000175197
XBP1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000100219
PSMA2 GeneProduct ncbigene:5683
PSMB1 GeneProduct ncbigene:5689
PSMA5 GeneProduct ncbigene:5686
PSMB4 GeneProduct ncbigene:5692
PSMB2 GeneProduct ncbigene:5690
PSMA3 GeneProduct ncbigene:5684
PSMA7 GeneProduct ncbigene:5688
PSMA1 GeneProduct ncbigene:5682
PSMB6 GeneProduct ncbigene:5694
PSMA6 GeneProduct ncbigene:5687
PSMB5 GeneProduct ncbigene:5693
PSMA4 GeneProduct ncbigene:5685
PSMB7 GeneProduct ncbigene:5695
PSMB3 GeneProduct ncbigene:5691
PSMA8 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000154611
PSMD8 GeneProduct ncbigene:5714
SEM1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000127922
PSMD1 GeneProduct ncbigene:5707
PSMC6 GeneProduct ncbigene:5706
PSMC5 GeneProduct ncbigene:5705
PSMC4 GeneProduct ncbigene:5704
PSMC3 GeneProduct ncbigene:5702
PSMC2 GeneProduct ncbigene:5701
PSMC1 GeneProduct ncbigene:5700
PSMD7 GeneProduct ncbigene:5713
PSMD6 GeneProduct ncbigene:9861
ADRM1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000130706
PSMD4 GeneProduct ncbigene:5710
PSMD3 GeneProduct ncbigene:5709
PSMD2 GeneProduct ncbigene:5708
PSMD14 GeneProduct ncbigene:10213
PSMD13 GeneProduct ncbigene:5719
PSMD12 GeneProduct ncbigene:5718
PSMD9 GeneProduct ncbigene:5715
PPIF GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000108179
SLC25A4 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000151729
SLC25A5 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000005022
SLC25A6 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000169100
VDAC1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000213585
VDAC2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000165637
VDAC3 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000078668
SLC25A31 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000151475
CALML4 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000129007
CALML6 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000169885
APH1B GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000138613
beta-amyloid protein 40 Metabolite chebi:64646
beta-amyloid protein 42 Metabolite chebi:64647
Ca2+ Metabolite hmdb:HMDB0000464
MAP2K1 GeneProduct ncbigene:5604
MAP2K2 GeneProduct ncbigene:5605
MAPK1 GeneProduct ncbigene:5594
MAPK3 GeneProduct ncbigene:5595
beta-amyloid protein 40 Metabolite chebi:64646
beta-amyloid protein 42 Metabolite chebi:64647
PSEN1 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000080815
PSEN2 GeneProduct ensembl:ENSG00000143801

References

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  2. Ivins KJ, Thornton PL, Rohn TT, Cotman CW. Neuronal apoptosis induced by beta-amyloid is mediated by caspase-8. Neurobiol Dis. 1999 Oct;6(5):440–9. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  3. Lee MS, Kwon YT, Li M, Peng J, Friedlander RM, Tsai LH. Neurotoxicity induces cleavage of p35 to p25 by calpain. Nature. 2000 May 18;405(6784):360–4. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  4. Small DH, Mok SS, Bornstein JC. Alzheimer’s disease and Abeta toxicity: from top to bottom. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2001 Aug;2(8):595–8. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  5. Parihar MS, Hemnani T. Alzheimer’s disease pathogenesis and therapeutic interventions. J Clin Neurosci. 2004 Jun;11(5):456–67. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
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  7. Mattson MP. Pathways towards and away from Alzheimer’s disease. Nature. 2004 Aug 5;430(7000):631–9. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
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  13. Shen Y, He P, Zhong Z, McAllister C, Lindholm K. Distinct destructive signal pathways of neuronal death in Alzheimer’s disease. Trends Mol Med. 2006 Dec;12(12):574–9. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
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  15. Bojarski L, Herms J, Kuznicki J. Calcium dysregulation in Alzheimer’s disease. Neurochem Int. 2008;52(4–5):621–33. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  16. Bezprozvanny I, Mattson MP. Neuronal calcium mishandling and the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease. Trends Neurosci. 2008 Sep;31(9):454–63. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  17. Reese LC, Zhang W, Dineley KT, Kayed R, Taglialatela G. Selective induction of calcineurin activity and signaling by oligomeric amyloid beta. Aging Cell. 2008 Dec;7(6):824–35. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  18. Piras S, Furfaro AL, Domenicotti C, Traverso N, Marinari UM, Pronzato MA, et al. RAGE Expression and ROS Generation in Neurons: Differentiation versus Damage. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2016;2016:9348651. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  19. Vallée A, Lecarpentier Y. Alzheimer Disease: Crosstalk between the Canonical Wnt/Beta-Catenin Pathway and PPARs Alpha and Gamma. Front Neurosci. 2016 Oct 19;10:459. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  20. Wasser CR, Herz J. Reelin: Neurodevelopmental Architect and Homeostatic Regulator of Excitatory Synapses. J Biol Chem. 2017 Jan 27;292(4):1330–8. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  21. Lane-Donovan C, Herz J. ApoE, ApoE Receptors, and the Synapse in Alzheimer’s Disease. Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2017 Apr;28(4):273–84. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  22. Vargas LM, Cerpa W, Muñoz FJ, Zanlungo S, Alvarez AR. Amyloid-β oligomers synaptotoxicity: The emerging role of EphA4/c-Abl signaling in Alzheimer’s disease. Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis. 2018 Apr;1864(4 Pt A):1148–59. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  23. Popugaeva E, Pchitskaya E, Bezprozvanny I. Dysregulation of Intracellular Calcium Signaling in Alzheimer’s Disease. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2018 Oct 20;29(12):1176–88. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  24. Strickland MR, Holtzman DM. Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde: ApoE explains opposing effects of neuronal LRP1. J Clin Invest. 2019 Mar 1;129(3):969–71. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  25. Palomer E, Buechler J, Salinas PC. Wnt Signaling Deregulation in the Aging and Alzheimer’s Brain. Front Cell Neurosci. 2019 May 22;13:227. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia
  26. Sushma, Mondal AC. Role of GPCR signaling and calcium dysregulation in Alzheimer’s disease. Mol Cell Neurosci. 2019 Dec;101:103414. PubMed Europe PMC Scholia